Master of Public Policy
Departmental goals and objectives:
The UIS Master of Public Policy degree (MPP) seeks to prepare students with the skills and abilities to analyze and evaluate public policy to serve the public interest and civic engagement. We educate current and future governmental and nonprofit public service professionals through the innovative integration of disciplinary knowledge and skills with practice. Our location in the state capital provides access to a diverse networked community of public affairs scholars, practitioners, and students.
The Master of Public Policy provides five concentration options for study:
- Child Advocacy and Policy Concentration
- Education Policy Concentration
- Health Policy Concentration
- Policy Analysis Concentration
- Social Policy Concentration
Graduates of the UIS MPP program will be able to understand and demonstrate knowledge and skills in the following competencies:
- Lead and manage in public governance
- Identify public problems, research the background of the issues, and identify and evaluate alternatives to address these problems
- Participate in and contribute to the public policy process
- Describe the public policy process and the role of the various participants and stakeholders
- Apply relevant theories, knowledge, and skills to effectively lead in developing, implementing, and evaluating public policy
- Analyze, synthesize, think critically, solve problems, and make decisions
- Demonstrate the ability to collect, analyze, and interpret data for use in decision making, and drawing conclusions
- Critically read and apply findings from peer-reviewed and grey literature
- Articulate and apply a public service perspective
- Articulate the importance of and operate in a manner that facilitates democracy, equity, transparency, efficiency, and ethics
- Communicate and interact productively with a diverse and changing workforce and citizenry.
- Communicate in a clear and concise manner
- Demonstrate a sensitivity of and respect for different cultures and perspectives
The Master's Degree
The Master of Public Policy provides five concentration options for study:
|Degree Program||Program Type||Dept Application Materials and Admission Criteria||Prerequisite Course Requirements||Department ADM Review||Dept Conditional Admits||Dept Appeal Process|
|Master of Public Policy (MPP)||Online and Blended||•Admission to the MPP will be on a competitive entry basis.
•The MPP shall meet the University-wide requirement of a minimum overall undergraduate GPA of 2.5.
•Since entry is competitive, a 2.5 GPA does not guarantee admission to the program.
•Students must submit an online application to UIS, two letters of recommendation, transcripts, and an academic essay.
•Students whose native language is not English must achieve a score of 550 or above on the paper-based TOEFL or 213 on the computer-based exam.
|•Students need to fulfill all admission criteria for both degree programs.
•Any program or course prerequisite requirements must be met by the students.
•Students must submit a résumé, goal statement, transcripts, and a program application. We review each of these items carefully.
•Bachelor’s degree from a regionally accredited university, undergraduate or work experience sufficient for advanced course work in environmental studies (at least 8 hours of undergraduate courses in natural sciences, at least 8 credit hours of undergraduate courses in social sciences)
•Completion of a 300-level or higher ecology course with a lab, with a grade of B or better (students without this can complete the course within the first year of the Master’s program, upon conditional admittance).
|The MPP Program Lead, in consultation with other program faculty if needed||N/A||N/A|
PAD 201. Issues in American Public Administration. 3 Hours.
This course is intended to provide a survey of the American governmental system from the administrative rather than political perspective, focusing on some fundamental debates that have shaped American governance at the federal, state and local levels. It will explore the role of the public administrator in the context of contemporary social, political and economic trends.
PAD 301. Introduction to Public Service Management. 3 Hours.
This course will explore the role and competencies of the public service and nonprofit administrator in the context of contemporary social, political and economic issues. Course Information: Prerequisites: Introductory Course in U.S. Government.
PAD 302. Leadership and Management of Public Organizations. 3 Hours.
This course is an introduction to the concepts and skills of leadership, human resource development and organizational theory all focused around the idea of how to lead a public service organization.
PAD 303. Public Policy for Managers. 3 Hours.
This course is an introduction to the concepts and skills required for strategic planning, implementation and evaluation of public policy. The course emphasizes the role of public service organizations in public policy processes.
PAD 310. Nonprofit Sector and Society. 3 Hours.
This course offers an overview of the role that the nonprofit sector provides in delivering goods and services in society. The course emphasizes the role that managers and organizations play in a complex world.
PAD 399. Tutorial in Public Administration. 1-3 Hours.
Students interested in a tutorial must secure the consent of the faculty member concerned before registration and submit any required documentation to him or her. Course Information: May be repeated to a maximum of 12 credit hours if topics vary. Requires instructor approval.
PAD 411. Contemporary Issues in Nonprofit Management. 3 Hours.
This course offers an overview of contemporary issues in nonprofit management and examines these issues using the theories and practices of nonprofit management. The course emphasizes the role of the manager in addressing challenges in this field.
PAD 431. Operations Research Methods. 4 Hours.
Quantitative methods necessary for analysis, modeling, and decision making. Topics include linear programming, transportation model, network models, decision theory, games theory, PERT-CPM, inventory models, and queueing theory. Additional topics may be chosen from integer linear programming, system simulation, and nonlinear programming. Course Information: Same as DAT 444 and MAT 444. Prerequisite: MAT 332 with grade of C or better.
PAD 432. State and Local Community Development. 3 Hours.
This course offers an introduction to state and local development. The course emphasizes the role of public administration and nonprofit professionals in this policy area. The course covers theories related to community development as well as policies and practices for improving quality of life in communities.
PAD 441. Contemporary Issues in Policy. 3 Hours.
This course offers an overview of contemporary public policy issues and examines these issues using the techniques of public policy analysis. The course emphasizes the role of the manager and public service organizations within these policy arenas.
PAD 452. Employment Discrimination Law. 3,4 Hours.
Development and implementation of anti-discrimination laws in employment, including hiring, firing, promotion, terms and conditions, benefits and pay, with respect to race, gender, disability, religion, and national origin, among others. Course Information: Same as LES 449 and WGS 449.
PAD 470. Research Methods and Management. 3 Hours.
This course provides students with an introduction to research methods which are important for public and nonprofit administrators and prepares students to frame and organize their research project in the senior capstone course.
PAD 471. Public Administration Senior Capstone. 3 Hours.
The senior capstone course is a summative course which allows students to integrate their coursework in public and nonprofit administration by bringing it to bear on an issue or problem in the practice of administration. The course will include written research/analytic projects. Course Information: Prerequisites: PAD 470.
PAD 475. Government Regulations and Administrative Law. 4 Hours.
Administrative law and administrative agencies, the so called 4th branch of government, have a profound effect on everyone's daily lives. They dictate who, what, where, why and how things are done. This course will explore their impact on Federal and state governments and the American people.
PAD 481. Perspectives on Child Maltreatment and Advocacy. 3,4 Hours.
Covers the history, comparative perspectives, legal framework, responses to child maltreatment, the skills necessary to do the work, and other pertinent issues pertaining to child maltreatment and child advocacy. The approach of the course will be from a variety of diverse, professional perspectives. The course is designed for students majoring in public administration, criminal justice, psychology, social work, sociology, legal studies or other areas where knowledge of child maltreatment and advocating for children might be necessary or beneficial. Course Information: Same as CCJ 481, PSY 481, SWK 481, and TEP 481.
PAD 482. Global Child Advocacy Studies. 3,4 Hours.
The purpose of this course is to prepare students to recognize child advocacy issues around the world. The course is designed for students majoring in public administration, criminal justice, education, social work, nursing, psychology, legal studies, or other areas where knowledge of child maltreatment and advocating for children will be necessary. Multidisciplinary approaches to advocacy in different countries throughout the world will be presented and discussed. Course Information: Same as TEP 482.
PAD 483. The System's Response to Child Maltreatment. 3,4 Hours.
This course focuses on the responses of professionals to allegations of child maltreatment. The purpose of this course is to expand the student's knowledge and skills in the prevention, identification, investigation and criminal justice response to child maltreatment. The course is designed for students who are likely to pursue a profession in which they will be a mandated reporter and knowledge of child maltreatment and advocacy is critical. Course Information: Same as TEP 483.
PAD 484. Childhood Trauma: Risk and Resiliency. 3,4 Hours.
This course examines the psychological effects of trauma on children. Specifically, the impact of physical, emotional, and sexual abuse and neglect, war, terrorism, and natural disasters are explored. The concepts of resilience and post traumatic growth are discussed to discover why many affected children successfully traverse their trauma. Additionally, interventions and treatment for trauma in childhood are considered. Course Information: Prerequisites: PSY 201, 302, and 321 or 322. Same as PSY 484.
PAD 485. Administrative Law and Management. 3 Hours.
This course explores the structure and function of modern administrative agencies, the promulgation of regulations and the impact of decisions by administrative law judges. Areas of focus include: the rights of public sector employees, judicial review of agency actions, leveraging agency resources, statutory interpretation and due process requirements relative to agency decisions.
PAD 486. Child Advocacy Studies Capstone. 3 Hours.
The Child Advocacy Studies Capstone course is a summative course which allows students to integrate their coursework in the minor by bringing it to bear on an issue or problem in the field of Child Advocacy. The course will include written research/analytic projects. Course Information: Prerequisites: PAD 481 and PAD 483.
PAD 490. Topics in Public Administration. 3 Hours.
Selected topics announced when offered. Course information: May be repeated if topics vary.
PAD 499. Tutorial in Public Administration. 1-4 Hours.
Students interested in a tutorial must secure the consent of the faculty member concerned before registration and submit any required documentation to him or her. Course Information: May be repeated to a maximum of 10 credit hours if topics vary. Requires Instructor Approval.
PAD 501. Introduction to the Profession. 3 Hours.
Analyzes fundamental issues of professionalization facing M.P.A. practitioners in the occupational field. Course Information: Prerequisite: Introductory course in U.S. Government.
PAD 502. Organization Dynamics. 3 Hours.
Structure and function of public organizations as socio-technical systems and of related individual, group, and leadership processes. Topics include leadership, decision making, group dynamics, motivation, job satisfaction, authority, power, organizational change, communication, conflict, and organization structure and design.
PAD 503. Analytical Tools. 3 Hours.
Analytical tool required by public and nonprofit administrators. Topics include research design, descriptive statistics, probability and inferential statistics.
PAD 504. Budget And Finance. 3 Hours.
Budgetary decision making in governmental units. Political, economic, legal, and administrative aspects of budgeting are examined. Analysis of budget practices, such as the integration of budgeting with strategic planning and performance management. Course Information: Prerequisite: Lower-division courses in American government, computer spreadsheet applications, and microeconomics, or equivalents.
PAD 505. Human Resource Management. 3 Hours.
Personnel administration in the public sector and administrative problems raised by this important management responsibility. Evaluation of administrative, political, and legal factors affecting management's ability to deal with organization/employee relationships.
PAD 506. Public Policy for Managers. 3 Hours.
Functions of policy analysis in political and administrative decision making, including basis for judgment, impact on bargaining, analytical process and other issues in design and implementation of policy for managers.
PAD 507. Information for Decision Making. 3 Hours.
This course explores information technology and the process of taking data to information and knowledge for management and decision making in the public and nonprofit sectors. The ability to use technology in data analysis and management will be developed.
PAD 508. Economics and Public Policy. 3 Hours.
This course provides an introduction to public economics with application to policy analysis. The course covers microeconomic principles with applications and techniques relevant to public policy. Additionally, topics such as market failures, regulation, taxation, subsidization, and creation of new markets are covered in order to highlight the pressing problems facing central cities and urban areas in the United States.
PAD 509. Workplace Democracy. 3 Hours.
Origins and recent developments in theory and practices of workplace democracy, both in the United States and in other countries. Exploration of such concepts as worker control, work self-management, and economic democracy.
PAD 510. Current and Emerging Public Policies. 4 Hours.
This course will examine U.S. public policies with an emphasis on new and emerging policies. Course Information: Same as PSC 510.
PAD 511. Collective Bargaining. 3 Hours.
Development and nature of employee organizations, collective bargaining, and public policies on labor relations in the public sector -- federal, state, and local. Analysis of contemporary bargaining relations, procedures, problems, and consequences.
PAD 521. International Poverty, Inequality, and Development. 3 Hours.
This seminar course analyzes the nature and extent of poverty and inequality in the developing world and the influence of various macro-and micro-level factors. The course is intended to provide a broad introduction to poverty and inequality in the developing world, while allowing students to study in greater depth a particular developing country of their choosing.
PAD 522. U.S. Social Policy. 3 Hours.
This seminar course analyzes the nature and extent of poverty in the United States, its causes and consequences, and government policies and programs to reduce poverty and assist the poor. The course is intended to provide a broad introduction to poverty and antipoverty policies in the United States, while allowing students to study in greater depth particular topics of their choosing.
PAD 524. Capital Budgeting. 3 Hours.
Overview of how public sector entities finance long-term projects. Includes measurement of governmental debt capacity by tracking trends in major fiscal indicators, such as per capita debt and debt as a percent of general revenue. Other topics include the role of rating agencies in capital expenditure decisions determining yields to maturity and internal rates of return, cost benefit analysis, and recent innovations in bond financing. Course Information: Prerequisite: PAD 504 or permission of instructor.
PAD 525. Informatics for Public Policy. 3 Hours.
This course provides an introduction to policy informatics. Policy informatics are the computation and communication technologies used to inform, understand, and solve complex public policy problems. This course equips students with the conceptual building blocks to address policy problems and introduces fundamental tools and technologies necessary to transform data into knowledge.
PAD 526. Advanced Analytical Tools: Forecasting, Time Series Analysis, and Predictive Analytics. 3 Hours.
This course expands upon core knowledge of statistical methods to include elements of forecasting, time series analysis, and predictive modeling. These are essential tools in the toolkit of a public policy analyst.
PAD 531. Public Policy Analysis. 3 Hours.
Functions of policy analysis in political decision making, including bases for judgment, impact on bargaining, analytical limitations, and other issues in design and implementation of policy studies.
PAD 532. Case Analysis. 3 Hours.
Course provides methods for analyzing complicated public policy situations. Students interact with local and state policy leaders in examining contemporary public policy debates affecting Illinois, which may include but are not limited to: affirmative action, immigration, economic development, or capital punishment.
PAD 533. Program Evaluation. 3 Hours.
Goals, methods, and techniques of program evaluation in public agencies and nonprofit organizations and the implications of program evaluation findings for legislative and executive program planning and implementation. Each student is required to design an evaluation of an organizational program.
PAD 534. Program Implementation. 3 Hours.
Advanced graduate seminar focusing on ways state, local, and national administrative units carry out governmental policies/programs. Provides particular attention to the processes through which policy intent is translated into program performance and service delivery. Examines barriers to effective implementation of policy initiatives. Also examines ways public administrators and managers can be more effective in the implementation of public policy decisions.
PAD 535. Public Administration Diversity. 3 Hours.
Diversity in public service, including value tensions, managing representative bureaucracy and service delivery, public and professional education, legal history and public policy.
PAD 536. Intergovernmental Relations. 3 Hours.
This course examines the division of responsibilities and the interrelationships among the federal, state, and local governments in the United States. Topics to be addressed include the legal origins and historical evolution of American federalism, theoretical and political perspectives, fiscal federalism, and ways to manage intergovernmental relations.
PAD 538. Public Service Ethics and Leadership. 3 Hours.
This course examines the leading ethical issues encountered by public service professionals and reviews several different sources that one might look to for guidance. Rather than concentrating on wrongdoing, this class will focus on the legitimate use of administrative discretion to establish the concept of public value leadership.
PAD 541. Nonprofit Sector: Human Resources. 3 Hours.
Context and dynamics, strategic planning, management functions, volunteers, development, and challenges in nonprofit sector human resources.
PAD 542. Nonprofit Sector & Society. 3 Hours.
This course considers the integral role that the nonprofit sector provides in delivering essential services. Topics include the challenges that both managers and organizations face in a dynamic resource environment.
PAD 543. Marketing for Public and Nonprofit Organizations. 3 Hours.
Applies marketing concepts and methodologies to planning and delivery of public and nonprofit services. Requirements include preparation and presentation of a marketing plan for a public or nonprofit organization.
PAD 544. Fund Raising for Public and Nonprofit Organizations. 3 Hours.
Fund-raising and resource development for public and nonprofit organizations, including proposal/grant research and writing, grants management, annual and capital campaign development, special events, planned giving, and fund-raising software.
PAD 545. Public Financial Management. 3 Hours.
This course addresses financial management concepts, policies, and analytical techniques that are relevant to governmental and nonprofit organizations. Topics to be addressed include revenues and other financing sources, financial reporting and analysis, cost analyses, cash management, internal controls, and performance management and reporting.
PAD 552. Strategic Planning and Management. 3 Hours.
Concepts, methods, processes, and applications of strategic planning and management for public and nonprofit organizations. Topics may include: futures thinking, strategy, planning in uncertain environments, leadership, impact of the Government Performance and Results Act, strategy implementation, community governance, and linkages among planning, budgeting, performance, and results-based management.
PAD 553. Community Planning and Policy. 3 Hours.
The purpose of this course is to provide an introduction to the professional practice of community planning and the basic theoretical concepts on which the discipline of professional planning is based. Students will identify and analyze the critical factors for achieving community quality of life, the relevant public policy issues, decision making processes, and resources that affect planning across a broad spectrum of community types, including urban-suburban-exurban-rural, and the complexities of zoning, economic and community development.
PAD 554. Community Planning Tools. 3 Hours.
This course is designed to prepare students to successfully carry out technical portions of the planning process. The course will focus on basic design concepts and applications of GIS; regional economic and demographic analysis; decision making tools; and citizen participation tools.
PAD 556. Community Economic Development. 3 Hours.
This course is designed to provide a general understanding of the typologies, processes, and theoretical underpinnings of Community Economic Development, Further, this course attempts to bridge the gap between theory and practice - seeking to convey to the student various tactics that can be applied in real world situations. The course provides an opportunity to learn how communities are categorized as well as showing some of the broad strategies utilized in contemporary social policy.
PAD 561. Graduate Public Service Internship Seminar in Organization Environment in the Public Service. 1 Hour.
Provides exposure to the organizational-bureaucratic environment within the context of the internship experience. Course Information: Restricted to GPSI students.
PAD 568. Labor Arbitration and Dispute Resolution. 3 Hours.
Philosophy and practice of labor arbitration in the unionized private and public sectors. Students develop skills in arbitration practices, decision making, negotiation, rules and procedures, selection of arbitrators, and presentation of cases in a simulated arbitration proceeding. Students also learn alternative methods of settling disputes, including conciliation and mediation, and understanding processes of when and how to use alternative techniques. Course Information: Restricted to graduate students and to senior undergraduates with permission from Department of Public Administration.
PAD 571. Capstone Seminar. 3 Hours.
Integrates and applies skills and values from other coursework in the MPA curriculum. Integrates academic research with issues faced by practicing professionals. Major paper and oral presentation required. Course meets program and campus requirements for master's degree closure. NOTE: If the course requirements are not completed during the four-hour enrollment, students must register for PAD 572 for zero credit hours (one billable hour) in all subsequent semesters until the requirements are completed. Course Information: Prerequisite: Open only to fully admitted MPA majors who have completed at least four of the five core courses prior to registration.
PAD 572. Capstone Seminar Continuing Enrollment. 0 Hours.
Refer to NOTE in course description for PAD 571 Course Information: May be repeated.
PAD 573. Capstone in Public Policy. 3 Hours.
Based on theories and literature from the field of public policy, this course integrates academic research with issues faced by practicing professionals. A major project and formal oral presentation are conducted as closure exercises meeting campus requirements for a master's degree.
PAD 574. Thesis Continuing Enrollment. 0 Hours.
This course is offered to those students who enrolled in PAD 573 as their closure option and were unable to complete that option. Students must register for PAD 574 for zero credit hours (one billable hour) in all subsequent fall and spring semesters until the closure option is completed. Course Information: May be repeated.
PAD 580. Public Administration Internship Seminar. 3,4 Hours.
Analysis of internship experience. Course Information: Restricted to graduate PAD and GPSI students. Three credit hour option generally reserved for GPSI students.
PAD 581. Fundamentals of Public Procurement. 3 Hours.
An introductory course in the field of public procurement. The course addresses theory and practice within international, federal, state and local procurement. Additionally, the course aims to familiarize students with key terminology in public procurement.
PAD 582. Public Procurement Process, Ethics and Law. 3 Hours.
An introductory course in the legal and ethical frameworks of public procurement processes. The course focuses on the impact of decisions made with respect to principles of good governance. These decisions are placed in the context of ethical principles and laws of public procurement. Restricted to Graduate students.
PAD 583. Contract Formulation and Administration. 3 Hours.
This course introduces the practices and principles of formulation and administration of public contracts. The focus of the course is on the best practices associated with developing, drafting, sourcing and closing out of contracts in the public procurement process. Restricted to Graduate students.
PAD 584. Best Value Analysis and Negotiation. 3 Hours.
This course introduces the tools and practices of finding the best value in public sector contracting. The course discusses the theoretical and operational frameworks of negotiation. A management approach places the course in the context of the public procurement process. Restricted to Graduate students only.
PAD 585. Project Management in Public Procurement. 3 Hours.
This course provides the theoretical and conceptual frameworks for project management in the context of the public procurement process. The course focuses on planning, personnel management, delegation of responsibility, scope of work and the processes of performance management. Restricted to Graduate students only.
PAD 589. The Public and Environmental Planning. 4 Hours.
Public involvement is a part of many municipal, state, and federal decision making processes involving the environment. This class examines the history of public involvement in environmental decision making, introduces theories of public involvement, and prepares students to apply best practices for public involvement in environmental planning. Course Information: Same as ENS 589.
PAD 590. Topics in Public Administration. 3,4 Hours.
Selected topics announced when offered. Course Information: May be repeated if topics vary.
PAD 599. Tutorial in Public Administration. 1-12 Hours.
Intended to supplement, not supplant, regular course offerings. Students interested in a tutorial must secure the consent of the faculty member concerned before registration and submit any required documentation to him or her. Internship Seminars. Course Information: May be repeated to a maximum of 12 hours if topics vary.
PAD 651. Leading Social Sector Change and Innovation. 4 Hours.
Students will examine the role and potential for innovation in the social sectors, both in the design and execution of programs. This will include an introduction to a number of leadership strategies and tools that might aid in the acceleration of change. Students are also introduced to the standards of applied inquiry and scholarly discourse at the doctoral level.
PAD 652. Public Management Seminar: Connecting Practice and Theory. 4 Hours.
Students will learn the major approaches to public management, especially an understanding of the practitioner's role in both perennial and cutting edge problems. The instructor will draw connections between concepts covered in PAD 651 with emphasis on understanding and addressing the most pressing governance needs of the 21st century.
PAD 653. Public Policy Seminar. 4 Hours.
Students will learn the stages of the policy process, public policy paradigms, current research directions, and major subfields. Emphasis is placed on developing appreciation for the connections between practitioner experience and scholarly inquiry.
PAD 654. Research Design. 4 Hours.
Students will learn the essential elements of research design. Students will learn how to structure research projects using the scientific method for both academic and practical investigation. The course will cover qualitative, quantitative, evaluation, experimental, and quasi-experimental research approaches. Course Information: Prerequisite: PAD 651.
PAD 655. Qualitative Research Methods. 4 Hours.
Introduces students to doctoral level qualitative analysis. Students learn research ethics in qualitative inquiry and a variety of methods, including single and comparative case studies, ethnography, process tracing, interviewing, content and discourse analysis, and field experiments. Students are asked to develop a research design using qualitative methodology, which they can tailor towards their dissertation.
PAD 656. Quantitative Research Methods. 4 Hours.
Introduces students to doctoral level quantitative analysis. Students will learn several common analysis and estimation techniques, quantitative inference, and how to critically read original quantitative research.
PAD 657. Advanced Public Management Seminar. 4 Hours.
Successful management, organizational health, and the adequate provision of public services demand constant re-evaluation and the seeking of new methods as challenges arise. This course will introduce students to some of the most recent trends in managing people, programs, and organizations (i.e., the framework, theories, and perspectives).
PAD 658. Advanced Public Policy Seminar. 4 Hours.
Students will further develop their knowledge of the policy process, public policy theories, current research directions, and policy analysis.
PAD 659. Dissertation Proposal Seminar. 4 Hours.
A course for doctoral students that stresses the development of a dissertation proposal. The course examines subject matter relating to questions, literature reviews and methodology for the purpose of completing a prepared proposal.
PAD 689. Qualifying Exam. 0 Hours.
The qualifying exam is designed to test students over the content of the core coursework.
PAD 690. Dissertation. 1-12 Hours.
Research and writing of the doctoral dissertation. PAD 690 is repeated until the dissertation is completed, defended, and approved by the dissertation committee. A minimum of 12 hours is required. If the thesis is not completed by the time the 12 required hours are accrued, students must continue to register for PAD 691 for one billable hour in all subsequent semesters until the dissertation is completed, defended, and accepted. Course Information: Credit/No Credit grading only. Prerequisite: Satisfactory completion of qualifying examination and all other coursework required for the DPA degree.
PAD 691. Dissertation Continuing Enrollment. 0 Hours.
Refer to NOTE in course description for PAD 690. Course Information: May be repeated.
PAD 699. Independent Study/Tutorial. 1-8 Hours.
Intended to supplement, not supplant, regular course offerings. Students interested in a tutorial must secure the consent of the faculty member concerned before registration and submit any required documentation to him or her. Course Information: May be repeated if topics vary.